and now i'd like to say something about ut temporal clauses for our syntax point today. did you KNOW ut could take a temporal clause? well, it can, cowboy. and when it does, do you know what mood of the verb it takes? INDICATIVE, which i think is swell! in fact, it usually takes the PERFECT INDICATIVE or the HISTORICAL PRESENT. sometimes it takes the imperfect to show a past state of things, or the pluperfect to show action completed in past time.